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Brain Inj. 2018;32(7):858-866. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1463561. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Living and ageing with stroke: an exploration of conditions influencing participation in social and leisure activities over 15 years.

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a Department of Health Sciences , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.
b Department of Clinical Sciences, Neurology , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.
c Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine , Skåne University Hospital , Lund-Malmö , Sweden.



To explore conditions influencing long-term participation in social and leisure activities among people who have had a stroke.


This study had a qualitative design, using a grounded theory methodology. Data collection was based on in-depth interviews performed 15 years after a first-ever stroke with 10 persons recruited from a population-based stroke cohort in Sweden. The study also included four family members.


Over time, the stroke meant a changed but gradually normalised life situation. Participation in social and leisure activities was influenced by several transacting personal and contextual conditions changing with time and ageing. Central conditions that emerged from the analysis included personal characteristics, having social and supportive networks, being dependent on others, having access to valued activities and contexts, being motivated to participate, and perceiving sufficient capacity to participate.


Long-term participation after stroke is possible despite impairments, but is influenced by a range of personal and environmental conditions. Stroke rehabilitation should be based on an awareness of this influence and address conditions that change with time and ageing during different phases after stroke.


Community integration; grounded theory; long-term stroke survivors; qualitative research; social participation

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