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Int J Ment Health Addict. 2018;16(2):466-479. doi: 10.1007/s11469-017-9809-0. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Psychoactive Substance Use and Problematic Internet Use as Predictors of Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization.

Author information

Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Hungarian Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
4Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
5International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, 50 Shakespeare Street, Nottingham, NG1 4FQ UK.
6Institute of Sociology and Social Policy, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary.


Research exploring the relationship between addictions and experiences of bullying suggests that problem behaviors may generally be associated with an increased risk of victimization. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of psychoactive substance use, excessive Internet use, and social support in both traditional offline bullying and online "cyberbullying" victimization in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 6237; 51% male; Mage = 16.62 years, SD = 0.95). Results demonstrated that traditional bullying victimization was associated with cyberbullying victimization. Furthermore, psychoactive substance use and problematic Internet use predicted both traditional bullying and cyberbullying victimization. Finally, perceived social support was found to be an important protective factor against both traditional and cyberbullying victimization. However, psychoactive substance use and problematic Internet use accounted for only a small proportion of variance in victimization.


Addiction; Bullying; Cyberbullying; Problematic Internet use; Substance use; Victimization

Conflict of interest statement

Compliance with Ethical StandardsThe study was approved by the Scientific Ethical Committee of Corvinus University of Budapest and was carried out in accordance with the Helsinki declaration. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

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