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Kidney Blood Press Res. 2018;43(2):594-605. doi: 10.1159/000488965. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir Plus Dasabuvir Regimen in the Treatment of Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C Infection in Patients with Severe Renal Impairment and End-Stage Renal Disease: a Real-Life Cohort.

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Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.
Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
Department of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.



Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Serious drug-drug interactions may represent a limiting factor of this regimen. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate safety, efficacy and drug-drug interactions management associated with PrOD treatment in the Czech real-world cohort.


Emphasizing concomitant medication adjustment, we described the treatment course with PrOD regimen in 23 patients (4 with CKD4 and 19 on maintenance haemodialysis) infected with HCV GT1 (21 GT1b, 2 GT1a), 18 males and 5 females with an average age of 53.7 years. Six patients had compensated liver cirrhosis and 3 of them were liver transplant recipients.


All 23 patients completed the 12-week treatment and achieved sustained virological response 12 weeks after the treatment (SVR12 rate 100%). None of the patients presented with a significant decrease in haemoglobin level, white blood cell and platelet count during the treatment period. The most frequent adverse events were nausea, hypotension, diarrhoea, and hyperkalemia. Four patients presented with a serious adverse event unrelated to the antiviral drugs (salmonellosis, non-functional kidney graft rejection, early gastric cancer, renal cyst infection, initiation of haemodialysis). Concomitant medication had to be modified with the treatment initiation in 10 out of 23 (43.5%) patients (calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, statins, diuretics, tacrolimus); four patients required further adjustment of antihypertensive drugs or tacrolimus dosage on-treatment.


PrOD regimen demonstrated an excellent efficacy and good tolerability. Both prospective adjustment of concomitant medication and further on-treatment adjustment allowed for a safe treatment course.


Dasabuvir; Genotype 1; Haemodialysis; Hepatitis C; Ombitasvir; Paritaprevir

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