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Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2018;52:e03308. doi: 10.1590/s1980-220x2017024203308. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Incidence of falls and preventive actions in a University Hospital.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

1
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
2
Hospital de ClĂ­nicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Abstract

Objective Describing the incidence of falls and its relation with preventive actions developed in a Brazilian university hospital. Method A retrospective longitudinal study. Hospitalized adult patients in the clinical, surgical, psychiatric and emergency units who suffered a fall in the institution, and who had the event notified in the period from January 2011 to December 2015 were included in the study. The data were collected from the institution's management information system and analyzed in the SPSS statistical program. Results There were 2,296 falls, with a mean incidence of 1.70 falls/1,000 patients per day. An increase in the incidence of falls was observed in the period from 2011 (1.61) to 2012 (2.03). In the following years, the incidence of falls decreased from 1.83 falls/1,000 patients per day in 2013 to 1.42 falls/1,000 patients per day in 2015. The incidence of falls accompanied an implementation of preventive actions, suggesting the impact of such interventions in reducing the event occurrence. Conclusion The findings demonstrate the importance of implementing preventive interventions in reducing the incidence of falls in hospitalized patients.

PMID:
29668783
DOI:
10.1590/s1980-220x2017024203308
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