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Genome Med. 2018 Apr 17;10(1):30. doi: 10.1186/s13073-018-0538-1.

Integrative analysis reveals functional and regulatory roles of H3K79me2 in mediating alternative splicing.

Author information

1
College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, China.
2
Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Health, 8403 Floyd Curl, San Antonio, TX, 78229, USA.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21218, USA.
4
Department of Leukemia, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.
5
Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Health, 8403 Floyd Curl, San Antonio, TX, 78229, USA. JinV@uthscsa.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accumulating evidence suggests alternative splicing (AS) is a co-transcriptional splicing process not only controlled by RNA-binding splicing factors, but also mediated by epigenetic regulators, such as chromatin structure, nucleosome density, and histone modification. Aberrant AS plays an important role in regulating various diseases, including cancers.

METHODS:

In this study, we integrated AS events derived from RNA-seq with H3K79me2 ChIP-seq data across 34 different normal and cancer cell types and found the higher enrichment of H3K79me2 in two AS types, skipping exon (SE) and alternative 3' splice site (A3SS).

RESULTS:

Interestingly, by applying self-organizing map (SOM) clustering, we unveiled two clusters mainly comprised of blood cancer cell types with a strong correlation between H3K79me2 and SE. Remarkably, the expression of transcripts associated with SE was not significantly different from that of those not associated with SE, indicating the involvement of H3K79me2 in splicing has little impact on full mRNA transcription. We further showed that the deletion of DOT1L1, the sole H3K79 methyltransferase, impeded leukemia cell proliferation as well as switched exon skipping to the inclusion isoform in two MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia cell lines. Our data demonstrate H3K79me2 was involved in mediating SE processing, which might in turn influence transformation and disease progression in leukemias.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, our work for the first time reveals that H3K79me2 plays functional and regulatory roles through a co-transcriptional splicing mechanism.

KEYWORDS:

AML; Alternative Splicing; DOT1L; H3K79me2

PMID:
29665865
PMCID:
PMC5902843
DOI:
10.1186/s13073-018-0538-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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