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Small. 2018 May;14(20):e1704053. doi: 10.1002/smll.201704053. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Tunable Spectrum Selectivity for Multiphoton Absorption with Enhanced Visible Light Trapping in ZnO Nanorods.

Author information

1
Advanced Engineering Platform, Mechanical Engineering Discipline, School of Engineering, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, 47500, Malaysia.
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, 30010, Taiwan.
3
Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, 43600, Malaysia.
4
Advanced Engineering Platform, Chemical Engineering Discipline, School of Engineering, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, 47500, Malaysia.

Abstract

Observation of visible light trapping in zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) correlated to the optical and photoelectrochemical properties is reported. In this study, ZnO NR diameter and c-axis length respond primarily at two different regions, UV and visible light, respectively. ZnO NR diameter exhibits UV absorption where large ZnO NR diameter area increases light absorption ability leading to high efficient electron-hole pair separation. On the other hand, ZnO NR c-axis length has a dominant effect in visible light resulting from a multiphoton absorption mechanism due to light reflection and trapping behavior in the free space between adjacent ZnO NRs. Furthermore, oxygen vacancies and defects in ZnO NRs are associated with the broad visible emission band of different energy levels also highlighting the possibility of the multiphoton absorption mechanism. It is demonstrated that the minimum average of ZnO NR c-axis length must satisfy the linear regression model of Z p,min = 6.31d to initiate the multiphoton absorption mechanism under visible light. This work indicates the broadening of absorption spectrum from UV to visible light region by incorporating a controllable diameter and c-axis length on vertically aligned ZnO NRs, which is important in optimizing the design and functionality of electronic devices based on light absorption mechanism.

KEYWORDS:

light absorption ability; light trapping; multiphoton absorption; photoelectrochemical (PEC); zinc oxide nanorods

PMID:
29665226
DOI:
10.1002/smll.201704053

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