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J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Sep;48(9):3076-3085. doi: 10.1007/s10803-018-3567-0.

Older Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders in Sweden: A Register Study of Diagnoses, Psychiatric Care Utilization and Psychotropic Medication of 601 Individuals.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Sciences/Psychiatry, Lund University, 221 00, Lund, Sweden. lena.nylander@skane.se.
2
Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, 411 19, Sweden. lena.nylander@skane.se.
3
VUB-teamet Psykiatriska Kliniken, Baravägen 1, 221 85, Lund, Sweden. lena.nylander@skane.se.
4
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, 221 00, Lund, Sweden.
5
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, 221 00, Lund, Sweden.
6
Research and Development Unit, City Office, City of Malmö, 205 80, Malmö, Sweden.
7
Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, 411 19, Sweden.

Abstract

In a Swedish sample of persons eligible for disability services and aged 55 years or older in 2012, persons (n = 601) with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses registered in specialist care were identified. Register data concerning diagnoses of other psychiatric disorders, psychiatric care, and psychiatric medication were reviewed. More than 60% had been in contact with psychiatric care. The majority had no intellectual disability (ID) diagnosis recorded during the study period. Apart from ID, affective disorders, anxiety and psychotic disorders were most commonly registered; alcohol/substance abuse disorders were uncommon. Psychotropic drug prescriptions were very common, especially in the ID group. Professionals need awareness of this vulnerable group; studies concerning their life circumstances and service requirements should be conducted.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorders; Older adults; Psychiatry

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