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J Orthop Translat. 2017 Dec 20;12:45-54. doi: 10.1016/ eCollection 2018 Jan.

Comparisons of slice-encoding metal artifact correction and view-angle tilting magnetic resonance imaging and traditional digital radiography in evaluating chronic hip pain after total hip arthroplasty.

Author information

Department of Radiology, Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.
Siemens Healthcare, MR Collaborations NE Asia, Beijing, China.
Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Erlangen, Germany.
Department of Orthopedics, Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.



The aims of this study were (1) to compare the areas of metal-induced artifacts and definition of periprosthetic structures between patients scanned with the slice-encoding metal artifact correction and view-angle tilting (SEMAC-VAT) turbo-spin-echo (TSE) prototype and those scanned with the standard TSE magnetic resonance (MR) sequences and (2) to further clarify the superiority of the SEMAC-VAT MR imaging technique at detecting lesions in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA), compared with digital radiography (DR).

Materials and methods:

A total of 38 consecutive patients who underwent THA were referred to MR imaging at our institution. All patients suffered from chronic hip pain postoperatively. Twenty-three patients of the 38 were examined with a 1.5-T MR scanner using a SEMAC-VAT TSE prototype and standard TSE sequence, and the remaining 15 patients were examined with the same 1.5-T MR scanner, but using the SEMAC-VAT TSE prototype only. The traditional DR imaging was also performed for all patients. Two radiologists then independently measured the area of metal-induced artifacts and evaluated the definition of both the acetabular and femoral zones based on a three-point scale. Finally, the positive findings of chronic hip pain after THA based on SEMAC-VAT TSE MR imaging and traditional DR imaging were compared and analysed.


The areas of metal-induced artifacts were significantly smaller in the SEMAC-VAT TSE sequences than those in the standard TSE sequences for both the T1-weighted (p < 0.001) and T2-weighted (p < 0.001) turbo inversion recovery magnitude images. In addition, 28 patients showed a series of positive signs in the SEMAC-VAT images that were not observed in the traditional DR images.


Compared with the standard TSE MR imaging, SEMAC-VAT MR imaging significantly reduces metal-induced artifacts and might successfully detect most positive signs missed in the traditional DR images.

Translational potential of this article:

The main objective of this research was to show that MR sequences from the SEMAC-VAT TSE prototype provide a significant advantage at detecting lesions in patients after THA because of the excellent soft-tissue resolution of the MR imaging. SEMAC-VAT MR can evaluate chronic hip pain after THA and determine the cause, which can help the clinician decide on whether a surgical revision is needed.


Metal artifact; Slice-encoding metal artifact correction and view-angle tilting magnetic resonance; Total hip arthroplasty

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