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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2018 Jun 1;48(6):576-586. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyy048.

Evidence-based cancer prevention recommendations for Japanese.

Author information

1
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Center for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Center, Tokyo.
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya.
3
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu.
4
Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga.
5
Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Informatics and Public Health, Tohoku University School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai.
6
Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo.
7
Division of Molecular Medicine, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute.
8
Department of Epidemiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine.
9
Division of Epidemiology and Prevention, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya.
10
Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Faculty of Medicine, Sapporo.
11
Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka.
12
Division of Environmental Medicine and Population Sciences, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita.
13
Department of Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan.

Abstract

A comprehensive evidence-based cancer prevention recommendation for Japanese was developed. We evaluated the magnitude of the associations of lifestyle factors and infection with cancer through a systematic review of the literature, meta-analysis of published data, and pooled analysis of cohort studies in Japan. Then, we judged the strength of evidence based on the consistency of the associations between exposure and cancer and biological plausibility. Important factors were extracted and summarized as an evidence-based, current cancer prevention recommendation: 'Cancer Prevention Recommendation for Japanese'. The recommendation addresses six important domains related to exposure and cancer, including smoking, alcohol drinking, diet, physical activity, body weight and infection. The next step should focus on the development of effective behavior modification programs and their implementation and dissemination.

PMID:
29659926
DOI:
10.1093/jjco/hyy048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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