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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Apr 6. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jey061. [Epub ahead of print]

Number of pregnancies and subsequent phenotype in a cross-sectional cohort of women with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology and Center for Cardiological Innovation, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372 Oslo, Norway.
2
Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
3
Institute for Surgical Research, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372 Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Aims:

We aimed to assess the relation between number of pregnancies and cardiac structure, function, and arrhythmic events in women with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC).

Methods and results:

We included female AC patients in a cross-sectional study. Number of pregnancies and pregnancy related symptoms were recorded. Ventricular arrhythmias were defined as aborted cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular tachycardia, or appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy. Right and left ventricular dimensions and function, including strain analyses, were assessed by echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. We created a new AC severity score to grade the severity of AC disease. We included 77 women (age 47 ± 16, 43 probands and 34 AC mutation positive female relatives), 19 ± 14 years after last pregnancy. Median number of pregnancies was 2 (0-4); 19 had no previous pregnancies, 16 had 1 pregnancy, 30 had 2, and 12 had ≥3 pregnancies. Presence of a definite AC diagnosis (P = 0.36), severity of AC disease (P = 0.53), and arrhythmic events (P = 0.25) did not differ between groups of pregnancies. Number of pregnancies was related to increased right ventricular outflow tract diameter in single variable analyses [odds ratio (OR) 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.87; P = 0.02], but not when adjusted for body surface area and age (OR 1.56, 95% CI 0.91-2.66; P = 0.11). The number of pregnancies was not associated with any other measures of cardiac structure and function.

Conclusion:

Higher number of pregnancies did not seem to relate to a worse phenotype in women with AC.

PMID:
29659777
DOI:
10.1093/ehjci/jey061

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