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Adv Nutr. 2018 Mar 1;9(2):78-85. doi: 10.1093/advances/nmx006.

Review of 100% Fruit Juice and Chronic Health Conditions: Implications for Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Policy.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
2
Program in Nutrition Science, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
3
Healthy Food America, Seattle, WA.
4
Department of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Institute, Seattle, WA.
5
Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
6
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Abstract

Whether or not drinking 100% fruit juice causes poor health is controversial. Although 100% fruit juice may contain as much sugar as regular soda, it provides needed nutrients to Americans' diets. We systematically reviewed the current evidence of the association of 100% fruit juice consumption and chronic health conditions in children and adults. We focused on data from systematic reviews and meta-analyses about cardiometabolic health outcomes, liver disease, and caries. Aside from increased risk of tooth decay in children and small amounts of weight gain in young children and adults, there is no conclusive evidence that consumption of 100% fruit juice has adverse health effects. Guidelines from groups like the American Academy of Pediatrics and Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommending that 100% fruit juice may be consumed in moderation are consistent with the available evidence and should be used to inform food policies.

PMID:
29659683
PMCID:
PMC5916434
DOI:
10.1093/advances/nmx006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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