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Int J Oncol. 2018 Jul;53(1):167-176. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2018.4367. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

C-terminal binding protein‑2 mediates cisplatin chemoresistance in esophageal cancer cells via the inhibition of apoptosis.

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Laboratory Animals Center, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, P.R. China.
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, P.R. China.
Medical College of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, P.R. China.


C-terminal binding protein‑2 (CtBP2) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression. It has been reported to predict a poor prognosis in several human cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The present study aimed to investigate the involvement of CtBP2 in the cisplatin (DDP) resistance of the ECA109 ESCC cell line and its effect on the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins. Constructed recombinant lentiviruses were used for the knockdown or overexpression of CtBP2 in ECA109 cells, and the expression of CtBP2 was measured using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting following transfection. MTT assays, Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry (FCM) were applied to detect the influence of CtBP2 on the DDP-induced viability and apoptosis of the transfected ECA109 cells. In addition, the levels of apoptosis-associated proteins, including p53, B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2), Bcl‑2‑associated X protein (Bax) and activated caspase-3 were investigated in the transfected ECA109 cells. Stable ECA109 cells with CtBP2 overexpression or knockdown were successfully established. The results of the MTT, Hoechst 33342 and FCM assays demonstrated that overexpression of CtBP2 attenuated the reduction of cell viability and inhibited the cell apoptosis induced by DDP. Furthermore, the western blotting results indicated that CtBP2 overexpression inhibited the DDP-induced apoptosis of ECA109 cells via the reduction of p53, activated caspase-3 and Bax expression, and promotion of Bcl‑2 expression. Therefore, the present study indicated that CtBP2 reduced the susceptibility of ECA109 cells to DDP by regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, suggesting that it may be a promising therapeutic target in ESCC in the future.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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