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Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2018 Jun;169:107-115. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.04.009. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Endocrine outcomes of endoscopic versus transcranial resection of craniopharyngiomas: A system review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 12 Wulumuqi Middle Road, Shanghai, China; Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: nidan_qiao@hms.harvard.edu.

Abstract

It is unclear whether the endoscopic technique has any advantages over transcranial approach in the aspect of endocrine outcomes in patients with craniopharyngiomas, thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed to identify relevant studies. Pituitary, hypothalamus functions and recurrence were used as outcome measures. A total of 39 cohort studies involving 3079 adult patients were included in the comparison. Among these studies, 752 patients across 17 studies underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal resection, and 2327 patients across 23 studies underwent transcranial resection. More patients in the endoscopic group (75.7%) had visual symptoms and endocrine symptoms (60.2%) than did patients in the transcranial group (67.0%, p = 0.038 and 42.0%, p = 0.016). There was no significant difference in hypopituitarism and pan-hypopituitarism after surgery between the two groups: 72.2% and 43.7% of the patients in endoscopic group compared to 80.7% and 48.3% in the transcranial group (p = 0.140 and p = 0.713). We observed same proportions of transient and permanent diabetes insipidus in both groups. Similar recurrence was observed in both groups (p = 0.131). Pooled analysis showed that neither weight gain (p = 0.406) nor memory impairment (p = 0.995) differed between the two groups. Meta-regression analysis revealed that gross total resection contributed to the heterogeneity of recurrence proportion (p < 0.001). We observed similar proportions of endocrine outcomes and recurrence in both endoscopic and transcranial groups. More recurrences were observed in studies with lower proportions of gross total resection.

KEYWORDS:

Gross total resection; Hypopituitarism; Recurrence; Surgery

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