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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 Jun 2;500(2):333-338. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.04.068. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Particulate matter increases beta-amyloid and activated glial cells in hippocampal tissues of transgenic Alzheimer's mouse: Involvement of PARP-1.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea; Brain Korea 21 Plus Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ew-k89@hanmail.net.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea; Brain Korea 21 Plus Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea; Brain Korea 21 Plus Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: kimeosu@yuhs.ac.

Abstract

Exposure to air pollutants, such as particulate matter (PM), has been implicated in neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, direct effects of PM on production of β-amyloid (Aβ), a key pathogenic molecule in AD, and its underlying mechanism are still elusive. Given PM's potential to induce oxidative stress in other tissues, we hypothesized that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) might be involved in PM-induced neurotoxicity. To address this, we used an ex vivo model of AD, the organotypic hippocampal slice tissue culture from old (12-14 months-of-age) triple transgenic 3xTg-AD mice. First, we observed that fine PM (aerodynamic diameter < 4 μm) can dose-dependently activate PARP-1 and decrease NAD+ levels in Neuro2A cells. PARP-1 activation did occur under concentrations of PM which did not affect cell viability. Next, we observed that direct treatment of PM increased Aβ levels and activated glial cells in the ex vivo hippocampal tissues of 3xTg-AD mice. PM-induced glial activation was most prominent in CA1 region of the hippocampal tissue. Notably, we found that pharmacological inhibition of PARP-1 reversed both PM-induced Aβ increase and glial activation, arguing the possible involvement of PARP-1 in PM-induced AD pathogenesis. Our findings suggest that PARP-1 might be a potential molecular target, responsible for mediating negative effects of PM on the brain. Modulating PARP-1 activity could be a promising approach to prevent or alleviate PM-related environmental neurotoxicity which could initiate AD pathogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer's disease; Glial cell; PARP-1; Particulate matter; β-amyloid

PMID:
29654761
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.04.068
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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