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Traffic. 2018 Jul;19(7):496-502. doi: 10.1111/tra.12571. Epub 2018 May 11.

RNA localization regulates diverse and dynamic cellular processes.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract

At the nexus of specialized cellular responses are localized enrichments of protein activity. The localization of messenger RNA (mRNA) coupled with translational control often plays a crucial role in the generation of protein concentrations at defined subcellular domains. Although mRNA localization is classically associated with large specialized cells, such as neurons and embryos, RNA localization is a highly conserved paradigm of post-transcriptional regulation observed in diverse cellular contexts. Functions of localized mRNAs extend far beyond the well-studied examples of neuronal polarization and developmental patterning. Since the initial discovery of the intracellular localization of cytoskeletal mRNAs within migrating cells, hundreds of mRNAs are now known to be enriched at specific organelles where they contribute to cell function. In this short review, we discuss basic principles regulating RNA localization and consider the contribution of localized mRNA to several essential cellular behaviors. We consider RNA localization as a mechanism with widespread implications for cellular function.

KEYWORDS:

RNA localization; RNA-binding proteins; centrosomes; endoplasmic reticulum; focal adhesions; mitochondria; translational control

PMID:
29653028
PMCID:
PMC6003861
[Available on 2019-07-01]
DOI:
10.1111/tra.12571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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