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Dementia (London). 2018 Jan 1:1471301218769778. doi: 10.1177/1471301218769778. [Epub ahead of print]

"Music & Memory" and improved swallowing in advanced dementia.

Author information

1
Music & Memory, USA.
2
12300 Stony Brook University School of Medicine , USA.
3
East Carolina University, USA.

Abstract

Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG. Setting Columbia Health Care Center, Wyocena, WI (with Music&Memory.org, Mineola, NY and Stony Brook University). Participants Residents with advanced dementia (N = 5).

MEASUREMENTS:

Observation by eight professional caregivers. Results (1) Enhanced swallowing mechanism with Music & Memory prior to dining; (2) decreased incidents of choking during mealtime; (3) improved nutritional status; (4) reduced weight loss; (5) reduced need for speech interventions; (6) enhanced quality of life. Conclusions The preliminary results call for additional research.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer’s disease; PEG; dementia; dysphagia; oral feeding; percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy; swallowing

PMID:
29649909
DOI:
10.1177/1471301218769778

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