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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Apr 12;18(4). pii: E1184. doi: 10.3390/s18041184.

A Multi-Technology Communication Platform for Urban Mobile Sensing.

Author information

1
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. almeida.rodrigo@av.it.pt.
2
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. rui.filipe.oliveira@ua.pt.
3
Departamento de Eletrónica, Telecomunicações e Informática, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. rui.filipe.oliveira@ua.pt.
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. nmal@av.it.pt.
5
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. cr.senna@av.it.pt.
6
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. susana@ua.pt.
7
Departamento de Eletrónica, Telecomunicações e Informática, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. susana@ua.pt.

Abstract

A common concern in smart cities is the focus on sensing procedures to provide city-wide information to city managers and citizens. To meet the growing demands of smart cities, the network must provide the ability to handle a large number of mobile sensors/devices, with high heterogeneity and unpredictable mobility, by collecting and delivering the sensed information for future treatment. This work proposes a multi-wireless technology communication platform for opportunistic data gathering and data exchange with respect to smart cities. Through the implementation of a proprietary long-range (LoRa) network and an urban sensor network, our platform addresses the heterogeneity of Internet of Things (IoT) devices while conferring communications in an opportunistic manner, increasing the interoperability of our platform. It implements and evaluates a medium access communication (MAC) protocol for LoRa networks with multiple gateways. It also implements mobile Opportunistic VEhicular (mOVE), a delay-tolerant network (DTN)-based architecture to address the mobility dimension. The platform provides vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication with support for highly reliable and actionable information flows. Moreover, taking into account the high mobility pattern that a smart city scenario presents, we propose and evaluate two forwarding strategies for the opportunistic sensor network.

KEYWORDS:

Internet of Things; delay-tolerant network; low-power wide-area networks; multi-technology communication; smart cities; urban sensor network

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