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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2018 May 17:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2018.1463966. [Epub ahead of print]

Dietary intervention and health in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A systematic review of the evidence.

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a Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte , Mossoró , Brazil.
b Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro , Vila Real , Portugal.
c CIDESD-Research Center in Sports Sciences , Health Sciences and Human Development.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the scientific evidence of dietary intervention, either through diet or supplementation, and its effects on the health of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.


Literature searches were conducted using Scopus, PubMed, BioMed Central and Science Direct databases. The terms used for the search were diet, nutritional support, nutrition therapy and systemic lupus erythematosus.


Eleven studies with interventions related to supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and turmeric, as well as changes in diet composition, such as low glycaemic index diet were identified.


The studies evidenced that omega-3 supplementation reduced inflammation, disease activity, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress; vitamin D supplementation increased serum levels, reduced inflammatory and hemostatic markers; turmeric supplementation reduced proteinuria, hematuria and systolic blood pressure; and low glycaemic index diet caused weight loss and reduced fatigue.


Diet; intervention; nutrition support; nutrition therapy; systemic lupus erythematosus

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