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Indian Dermatol Online J. 2018 Mar-Apr;9(2):83-89. doi: 10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_282_17.

Current Situation of Leprosy in India and its Future Implications.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Dermatology Clinic, Masab Tank, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
2
Codewel-Nireekshana, Narayanaguda, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

The global leprosy situation has changed significantly over the last four decades after the introduction of multidrug therapy (MDT) in 1982 with a reduction in prevalence from over 5 million cases in the mid-1980s to less than 200,000 at the end of 2016. The programme in India also saw a reduction from a prevalence rate of 57.8/10,000 in 1983 to less than 1/10,000 by the end of 2005 when India declared to have reached the World Health Organization (WHO) target of elimination as a public health problem. Post 2005, major changes in the programme were made by the National leprosy eradication programme (NLEP) and the global leprosy programme, which may have affected the new case detection (NCD), disability, and child leprosy trends, which continue to show no appreciable regression. This article reviews the current global and Indian leprosy scenario to bring out its achievements and successes, including the impact of Leprosy Case Detection Campaigns (LCDC) on leprosy numbers. The basis and expected benefits of recent introduction of chemo and immune-prophylaxis in the programme are also discussed. It also discusses the shortcomings, the areas of concern, and the need for an inclusive strategy in the Indian leprosy programme that includes an intersectoral collaboration within the country for reaching the desired goal of leprosy eradication.

KEYWORDS:

Areas of concern; chemo and immune prophylaxis; global and Indian situation; leprosy

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