Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2018 Apr;107(8):435-451. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a002948.

Recommendations of Swiss Memory Clinics for the Diagnosis of Dementia

[Article in German]

Author information

1
1 Swiss Memory Clinics.
2
2 Schweizerische Fachgesellschaft für Geriatrie.
3
6 Berner Spitalzentrum für Altersmedizin Siloah BESAS, Gümligen/Bern.
4
7 Geriatrischer Dienst der Stadt Zürich, Zürich.
5
8 Nuklearmedizin und PET-Zentrum, Kantonsspital Aarau.
6
5 Schweizerische Vereinigung der Neuropsychologinnen und Neuropsychologen.
7
9 Unité de neuropsychologie, Consultation mémoire Fribourg et hôpital fribourgeois.
8
3 Schweizerische Neurologische Gesellschaft.
9
10 Centre Leenards de la Mémoire, département des neurosciences cliniques, CHUV, Lausanne.
10
11 Klinik für Neurologie, Kantonsspital St. Gallen.
11
4 4 Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Alterspsychiatrie und -psychotherapie.
12
12 Psychiatrische Dienste Aargau AG, Bereich Alters- und Neuropsychiatrie, Brugg.
13
13 Klinik für Alterspsychiatrie, Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik Zürich.
14
14 Universität Zürich, Institut für Regenerative Medizin, Zentrum für Prävention und Demenztherapie.
15
15 Abteilung Nuklearmedizin und PET/CT-Zentrum Nordwestschweiz, St.Claraspital, Basel.
16
16 Radiologie Bethesdaspital, Basel.
17
17 Felix Platter Spital, Universitäre Altersmedizin Basel.
18
18 Memory Klinik Entlisberg, Pflegezentren Stadt Zürich.
19
19 Neurologie und Memory Clinic, Spitalzentrum Biel.
20
20 Service de Psychiatrie de la Personne Agée, Département de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne.
21
21 Service de Psychiatrie Gériatrique, Département de Santé Mentale et de Psychiatrie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève.
22
22 Freiburger Netzwerk für Psychische Gesundheit, Marsens.
23
23 Psychologischer Dienst, Universitäre Klinik für Akutgeriatrie, Stadtspital Waid, Zürich.
24
24 Psychologischer Dienst, Klinik für Neurorehabilitation und Paraplegiologie, Basel.
25
25 Universitätsinstitut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Inselspital, Universität Bern.

Abstract

The early diagnosis of subjectively perceived or externally anamnestically observed cognitive impairments is essential for proving neurodegenerative diseases or excluding treatable causes such as internal, neurological or psychiatric disorders. Only in this way is early treatment made possible. As part of the project 3.1 of the National Dementia Strategy 2014–2019 («Development and expansion of regional and networked centres of competence for diagnostics»), the association Swiss Memory Clinics (SMC) set itself the goal of developing quality standards for dementia clarification and improving the community-based care in this field. In these recommendations, general guidelines of diagnostics and individual examination possibilities are presented, and standards for the related processes are suggested. Individual areas such as anamnesis, clinical examination, laboratory examination, neuropsychological testing and neuroradiological procedures are discussed in detail as part of standard diagnostics, and supplementary examination methods for differential diagnosis considerations are portrayed. The most important goals of the SMC recommendations for the diagnosis of dementia are to give all those affected access to high-quality diagnostics, if possible, to improve early diagnosis of dementia and to offer the basic service providers and the employees of Memory Clinics a useful instrument for the clarification.

KEYWORDS:

Dementia; Demenz; Diagnostik; Démence; Gedächtnisstörungen; Kognition; Memory Clinic; cognition; diagnosis; diagnostic; déficits de mémoire; memory deficits

PMID:
29642795
DOI:
10.1024/1661-8157/a002948
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center