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Animals (Basel). 2018 Apr 9;8(4). pii: E54. doi: 10.3390/ani8040054.

Influence of Dietary Supplementation of Propolis and Bee Pollen on Liver Pathology in Broiler Chickens.

Author information

1
Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia. ivana.klaric@pfos.hr.
2
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia. mirela.pavic@vef.hr.
3
Faculty of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia. ivan.miskulin@mefos.hr.
4
Faculty of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia. valerija.blazicevic@mefos.hr.
5
Faculty of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia. albina.dumic@gmail.com.
6
Faculty of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia. maja.miskulin@mefos.hr.

Abstract

One of the major problems in intensive breeding of chickens is liver damage. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of dietary supplementation with propolis and bee pollen on liver pathology in broiler chickens. The study was conducted on 200 Ross 308 chickens equally distributed by sex that were divided into five groups. Throughout the whole study, the control group of chickens was fed with a basal diet, while the experimental groups of chickens were fed with the same diet further supplemented with propolis and bee pollen, each supplement given separately or in combination in a certain proportion. The study showed that the clusters of lymphocytes in the hepatocytes, the vacuolar degeneration and necrosis of the liver parenchyma, the bile ductule hyperplasia, and the various forms of pathological changes in the liver arteries and veins were more frequent in liver tissue samples of the control group compared to liver tissue samples of all the experimental groups (p < 0.001). The study further showed that all the previously mentioned histopathological lesions of liver tissue were always more extensive in the liver tissue samples of the control group than in the liver tissue samples of all the experimental groups (p < 0.001). The supplementation of broiler chickens with propolis and/or bee pollen has a strong protective effect on liver pathology in broiler chickens.

KEYWORDS:

animal feeding; bee pollen; broilers; histopathology; liver; propolis; supplementation

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