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Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2018 Apr 10;20(5):13. doi: 10.1007/s11940-018-0497-2.

Exploring Wellness Interventions in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: an Evidence-Based Review.

Author information

1
Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
2
School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
3
Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Ottawa, 200 Lees Avenue, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada. lpilutti@uottawa.ca.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

There has been recent interest in the role of lifestyle and wellness-based approaches in the treatment and management of multiple sclerosis (MS). These approaches may be particularly relevant for patients with progressive MS, considering limited therapeutic options currently available. The purpose of this review is to examine the role of wellness-based interventions including exercise training, emotional well-being therapies, and dietary modification in patients with progressive MS.

RECENT FINDINGS:

We conducted a literature search on the efficacy of wellness-based interventions in patients with progressive MS published between 1985 and July 2017. The level of evidence for each trial was evaluated using the American Academy of Neurology criteria. Overall, 21 articles reporting on 16 wellness-based interventions were identified: ten trials involved exercise training, three involved emotional wellness therapies, two involved dietary modification, and one was a combined wellness intervention. There is level C evidence (possibly effective; one class II study) for the efficacy of aerobic exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with progressive MS. There is level B evidence (probably effective; one class I study) for the efficacy of mindfulness training on psychological distress, depression, anxiety, pain, and quality of life in patients with progressive MS. There is inadequate evidence (level U) for efficacy of dietary modification (one class III study and one class IV study) and combined wellness interventions involving exercise training, meditation, and dietary modification (one class IV study). High-quality research is needed to provide evidence-based recommendations for wellness behaviors and lifestyle change in patients with progressive MS.

KEYWORDS:

Diet; Exercise; Mindfulness; Multiple sclerosis; Progressive; Wellness

PMID:
29637453
DOI:
10.1007/s11940-018-0497-2

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