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J Safety Res. 2018 Feb;64:163-169. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.12.001. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Concussion attitudes, behaviors, and education among youth ages 12-17: Results from the 2014 YouthStyles survey.

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ICF, 530 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, United States. Electronic address:
ICF, 530 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, United States.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, United States.



This study assessed young athletes' (ages 12 to 17) concussion attitudes and behaviors, particularly their self-reported experience learning about concussion and intentions to report a concussion and disparities in these experiences.


We used data from Porter Novelli's 2014 YouthStyles survey that is conducted each year to gather insights about American consumers.


Of the 1,005 respondents, 57% reported sports participation. Fourteen percent reported they may have had a previous concussion, and among them 41% reported having a concussion more than once while playing sports. Males (17.7%) were significantly more likely to report having a concussion than females (10.0%; χ2 (1)=7.01, p=0.008). Fifty-five percent of respondents reported having learned about what to do if they think they may have a concussion, and 92% reported that they would tell their coach if they thought they sustained a concussion while playing youth or high school sports. Youth from higher income families ($75,000-$124,999) were significantly more likely than youth from lower income families (less than $35,000) to report that they learned about what do if they suspected that they had a concussion.


Age of athlete, parental income level, athlete's sex, and living in a metro versus non-metro area led to disparities in athletes' concussion education. There is a need for increased access to concussion education and an emphasis on customizing concussion education efforts to meet the needs of different groups.


We identified athletes' self-reported previously sustained concussions and predictors of education related to concussion. Further research is needed to explore the age, gender and income gaps in concussion education among athletes.


Adolescent; Attitude; Behavior; Concussion; Knowledge

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