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PLoS One. 2018 Apr 9;13(4):e0194105. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194105. eCollection 2018.

Livelihood opportunities amongst adults with and without disabilities in Cameroon and India: A case control study.

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International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London United Kingdom.
South Asia Centre for Disability Inclusive Development and Research, Indian Institute of Public Health Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Sightsavers Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon.


Proven links between disability and poverty suggest that development programmes and policies that are not disability-inclusive will leave persons with disabilities behind. Despite this, there is limited quantitative evidence on livelihood opportunities amongst adults with disabilities in Low and Middle Income Countries. This study adds to the limited evidence base, contributing data from one African and one Asian Setting. We undertook a population-based case-control study of adults (18+) with and without disabilities in North-West Cameroon and in Telangana State, India. We found that adults with disabilities were five times less likely to be working compared to age-sex matched controls in both settings. Amongst adults with disabilities, current age, marital status and disability type were key predictors of working. Inclusive programmes are therefore needed to provide adequate opportunities to participate in livelihood prospects for adults with disabilities in Cameroon and India, on an equal basis as others. These findings are of crucial importance at this stage of the Sustainable Development Agenda, to ensure that the mandate of inclusive development is achieved.

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