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Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2018 Apr 9. pii: /j/ijamh.ahead-of-print/ijamh-2017-0152/ijamh-2017-0152.xml. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2017-0152. [Epub ahead of print]

Determinants of HIV testing and receipt of test results among adolescent girls in Nigeria: the role of assets and decision-making.

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Saint Louis University, College for Public Health and Social Justice, St. Louis, MI, USA.
Department of Health Sciences, James Madison University, 235 Martin Luther King Way MSC 4301, Harrisonburg, VA, USA.
John's Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
University of North Caroline Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
University of Arizona, Health Promotion Sciences Department, Tucson, AZ, USA.


Purpose Many adolescent girls in Nigeria do not test for HIV despite being at high risk. While the influence of psychosocial factors on HIV testing has been examined, there is less evidence regarding the impact of assets and control of assets on HIV testing. This study investigated the protective effects of specific adolescent girls' assets on decision-making regarding HIV testing. Methods Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was analyzed. The main outcome variables were self-reports of having been tested for HIV and knowledge of a place that offers HIV testing. Binary logistic regression was used with employment, education, wealth index, home ownership, land ownership and decision making as potential predictors. Demographic characteristics were controlled in the analysis. Results Age [odds ratio (OR = 1.49)], employment (OR = 3.38), education (OR = 3.16), wealth index (OR = 1.33) and decision making (OR = 3.16) were positively associated with HIV testing. Age (OR = 1.20), employment (OR = 1.33), education (OR = 1.38), wealth (OR = 1.64), land ownership (OR = 1.42), and decision making (OR = 1.26) were positively associated with knowledge of an HIV testing location. Conclusion Our findings suggest that assets play an important role with HIV testing decisions for adolescent girls. Further research to elucidate the specific asset-based needs of adolescent girls will be needed to enhance decisions surrounding uptake of HIV testing and receipt of test results in Nigeria.


HIV-testing; Nigeria; adolescents; assets


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