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Cell Immunol. 1988 Jan;111(1):183-95.

Antigen-specific T lymphocytes efficiently cluster with dendritic cells in the human primary mixed-leukocyte reaction.

Author information

1
Rockefeller University, New York, New York.

Abstract

Experimental conditions have been developed to detect the efficient interaction of antigen-presenting cells and antigen-specific CD4+ T lymphocytes early in the human primary mixed-leukocyte reaction (MLR). When monocytes are depleted from the stimulator population, it is evident that small numbers of allogeneic dendritic cells form multicellular aggregates with responsive T cells. B cells and monocytes in allogeneic stimulator populations do not appear to form aggregates in the first 2 days of the MLR. Upon return to culture, most of the lymphocytes that have clustered with dendritic cells become IL-2 responsive, proliferating lymphoblasts. The nonclustered cells exhibit little growth, while mixtures of clusters and nonclusters proliferate comparably to clusters alone. Cluster-derived lymphocytes respond rapidly to rechallenge with foreign leukocytes from the original donor but are greater than 90% depleted of reactivity to other "third party" donors. Nonclustered lymphocytes, in contrast, are greater than 90% depleted in specific reactivity but respond normally to third party. Therefore antigen-specific (alloreactive) resting CD4+ lymphocytes efficiently and selectively aggregate with dendritic cells. Dendritic-T-cell aggregates represent a stable microenvironment in which the MLR begins and might be useful in the experimental analysis of early events in the sensitization phase of cell-mediated immunity in man.

PMID:
2962742
DOI:
10.1016/0008-8749(88)90062-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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