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Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2018 Sep;137:52-68. doi: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2018.03.008. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Bioelectrical control of positional information in development and regeneration: A review of conceptual and computational advances.

Author information

1
Allen Discovery Center at Tufts, USA. Electronic address: alexis.pietak@allencenter.tufts.edu.
2
Allen Discovery Center at Tufts, USA; Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.

Abstract

Positional information describes pre-patterns of morphogenetic substances that alter spatio-temporal gene expression to instruct development of growth and form. A wealth of recent data indicate bioelectrical properties, such as the transmembrane potential (Vmem), are involved as instructive signals in the spatiotemporal regulation of morphogenesis. However, the mechanistic relationships between Vmem and molecular positional information are only beginning to be understood. Recent advances in computational modeling are assisting in the development of comprehensive frameworks for mechanistically understanding how endogenous bioelectricity can guide anatomy in a broad range of systems. Vmem represents an extraordinarily strong electric field (∼1.0 × 106 V/m) active over the thin expanse of the plasma membrane, with the capacity to influence a variety of downstream molecular signaling cascades. Moreover, in multicellular networks, intercellular coupling facilitated by gap junction channels may induce directed, electrodiffusive transport of charged molecules between cells of the network to generate new positional information patterning possibilities and characteristics. Given the demonstrated role of Vmem in morphogenesis, here we review current understanding of how Vmem can integrate with molecular regulatory networks to control single cell state, and the unique properties bioelectricity adds to transport phenomena in gap junction-coupled cell networks to facilitate self-assembly of morphogen gradients and other patterns. Understanding how Vmem integrates with biochemical regulatory networks at the level of a single cell, and mechanisms through which Vmem shapes molecular positional information in multicellular networks, are essential for a deep understanding of body plan control in development, regeneration and disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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