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Pediatr Nephrol. 2019 Jul;34(7):1155-1166. doi: 10.1007/s00467-018-3951-1. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Infectious disease risks in pediatric renal transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 333 Burnet Avenue/MLC 7017, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA. Felicia.ScaggsHuang@cchmc.org.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

Renal transplantation is a vital treatment option in children with ESRD with more than 10,000 pediatric kidney transplants and survival rates of greater than 80% at 10 years post-transplant in the USA alone. Despite these advances, infection remains a significant cause of morbidity in pediatric recipients. Screening potential organ donors and recipients is imperative to identify and mitigate infectious risks in the transplant patient. Despite the unique risks of each patient, the timing of many infections post-transplant is predictable. In early post-transplant infections (within 30 days), bacterial and fungal pathogens predominate with donor-derived events and nosocomial infections. In the intermediate period (31-180 days after transplant), latent infections from donor organs, such as EBV and CMV, develop. Late infections occurring > 180 days after the transplant can be due to latent pathogens or community-acquired organisms. Approaching an infectious evaluation in a pediatric kidney recipient requires finesse to diagnose and treat this vulnerable population in a timely manner. The following article highlights the most relevant and common infections including clinical manifestations, risk factors, diagnostic techniques, and treatment options.

KEYWORDS:

Infection in immunocompromised child; Pediatric infections; Post-transplant infections; Renal transplant

PMID:
29626241
DOI:
10.1007/s00467-018-3951-1

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