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Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2018 May/Jun;19(4):446-450. doi: 10.1089/sur.2017.294. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Early Inflammatory Biomarkers as Predictive Factors for Freedom from Infection after Colorectal Cancer Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Author information

1
1 Departments of General Surgery, Hospital de Braga , Braga, Portugal .
2
2 Life and Health Science Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho , Braga, Portugal .
3
3 Clinical Pathology, Hospital de Braga , Braga, Portugal .

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Different biomarkers are useful in diagnosing infections. The aim of this work was to clarify the relation between different inflammatory biomarkers (white blood cell [WBC] count, C-reactive protein [CRP], procalcitonin [PCT], and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio [CAR]) and early infectious complications after colorectal surgery.

METHODS:

This prospective single-center cohort study included 130 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. The WBC count, CRP, and PCT were measured at post-operative day one (POD1) and POD3 and albumin on POD3.

RESULTS:

Patients with surgical site infections (SSI) exhibited significantly higher CRP concentrations on POD1 and CRP and CAR on POD3 than did patients without SSI. According to receiver operating characteristic analysis, the CRP concentration on POD1 and the CRP and CAR on POD3 showed the highest area under the curve (AUC) for predicting SSI (AUC 0.639, 0.736, and 0.729, respectively). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that CRP on POD1 and CRP and CAR on POD3 were independent predictors of SSI (odds ratio 7.355, 7.605, and 8.337, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

The CRP concentration on PO1 and CRP and CAR on POD3 can positively identify patients at low risk of SSI. They can be used as a prognostic tool to predict an uneventful post-operative period and therefore have been incorporate into our discharge criteria after elective colorectal resection, improving clinical decision-making.

KEYWORDS:

C-reactive protein; C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio; colorectal cancer; surgical site infection

PMID:
29624484
DOI:
10.1089/sur.2017.294
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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