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Beilstein J Org Chem. 2018 Mar 22;14:672-681. doi: 10.3762/bjoc.14.55. eCollection 2018.

D-A-D-type orange-light emitting thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials based on a fluorenone unit: simulation, photoluminescence and electroluminescence studies.

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State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices and Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, P. R. China.


The design of orange-light emitting, thermally activated, delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials is necessary and important for the development and application of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Herein, two donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D)-type orange TADF materials based on fluorenone and acridine, namely 2,7-bis(9,9-dimethylacridin-10(9H)-yl)-9H-fluoren-9-one (27DACRFT, 1) and 3,6-bis(9,9-dimethylacridin-10(9H)-yl)-9H-fluoren-9-one (36DACRFT, 2), were successfully synthetized and characterized. The studies on their structure-property relationship show that the different configurations have a serious effect on the photoluminescence and electroluminescence performance according to the change in singlet-triplet splitting energy (ΔEST) and excited state geometry. This indicates that a better configuration design can reduce internal conversion and improve triplet exciton utilization of TADF materials. Importantly, OLEDs based on 2 exhibited a maximum external quantum efficiency of 8.9%, which is higher than the theoretical efficiency of the OLEDs based on conventional fluorescent materials.


fluorenone acceptor; orange light emission; organic light-emitting diode (OLED); thermally activated delayed fluorescence

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