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Austin J Cerebrovasc Dis Stroke. 2017;4(1). pii: 1054. doi: 10.26420/austinjcerebrovascdisstroke.2017.1054. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Sulforaphane Protects against Brain Diseases: Roles of Cytoprotective Enzymes.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, USA.
2
Key Lab of Cerebral Microcirculation, Taishan Medical University, China.

Abstract

Sulforaphane (SFN) is a kind of isothiocyanate derived from broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables. Because of its roles of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor through multiple targets and various mechanisms, SFN has drawn broad attention of the researchers. One of the most important target of SFN is nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), wildly known for its ability to regulate the expression of a series of cytoprotective enzymes with antioxidative, prosurvival, and detoxification effects. Multiple researches have shown that SFN protects against central nervous system diseases through Nrf2pathway. In this article, we list SFN contents in common cruciferous vegetables, and summarize recent advances in the protective effects of SFN against acute brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases through activating Nrf2 signaling pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Autism; Dementia; Nrf2; Stroke; Sulforaphane; TBI

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