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Drug Metab Dispos. 2018 Jun;46(6):897-907. doi: 10.1124/dmd.117.079830. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Predicting Antitumor Effect of Deoxypodophyllotoxin in NCI-H460 Tumor-Bearing Mice on the Basis of In Vitro Pharmacodynamics and a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Model.

Author information

1
Center of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.
2
Center of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China liulee@yeah.net xdliu@cpu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Antitumor evaluation in tumor-bearing mouse is time- and energy-consuming. We aimed to investigate whether in vivo antitumor efficacy could be predicted on the basis of in vitro pharmacodynamics using deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT), an antitumor candidate in development, as a model compound. Proliferation kinetics of monolayer-cultivated NCI-H460 cells under various DPT concentrations were quantitatively investigated and expressed as calibration curves. Koch two-phase natural growth model combined with sigmoid Emax model, i.e., dM/dt = 2λ0λ1M/(λ1 + 2λ0M) - Emax C γ /(EC50γ + C γ )·M, was introduced to describe cell proliferation (M) against time under DPT treatment (C). Estimated in vitro pharmacodynamic parameters were: EC50, 8.97 nM; Emax , 0.820 day-1, and γ, 7.13. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model including tumor compartment was introduced to predict DPT disposition in plasma, tumor tissue, and main normal tissues of NCI-H460 tumor-bearing mice following a single dose. The in vivo pharmacodynamic model and parameters were assumed the same as the in vitro ones, and linked with simulated tumor pharmacokinetic profiles by a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to build a PBPK-pharmacodynamic (PBPK-PD) model. After natural growth parameters (λ0 and λ1) were estimated, the objective in this study was to predict with the PBPK-PD model the tumor growth in NCI-H460 tumor-bearing mice during multidose DPT treatment, a use of the model similar to what others have reported. In our work, the model was successfully applied to predict tumor growth in SGC-7901 tumor-bearing mice. The resulting data indicated that in vivo antitumor efficacy might be predicted on the basis of in vitro cytotoxic assays via a PBPK-PD model approach. We demonstrated that the approach is reasonable and applicable and may facilitate and accelerate anticancer candidate screening and dose regimen design in the drug discovery process.

PMID:
29618575
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.117.079830
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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