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Children (Basel). 2018 Apr 4;5(4). pii: E47. doi: 10.3390/children5040047.

The Nuts and Bolts of Food Immunotherapy: The Future of Food Allergy.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Sara.Anvari@bcm.edu.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Sara.Anvari@bcm.edu.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Aikaterini.Anagnostou@bcm.edu.
4
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Aikaterini.Anagnostou@bcm.edu.

Abstract

Food allergies are on the rise and have a major impact on the quality of life of the food allergic child and their family. Currently, the mainstream treatment for food allergies is strict avoidance and elimination of the allergenic food(s) from the patient's diet in order to prevent an allergic reaction. However, recent advances in research have presented new therapeutic options for food allergic patients that are potentially becoming promising alternatives to traditional treatment. Food immunotherapy is the most popular of these new emerging interventions and has been studied intensively over the last decade for various foods. In this review, we discuss this exciting new development that is aspiring to become part of the mainstream therapy for food allergy.

KEYWORDS:

children; desensitization; epicutaneous immunotherapy; food allergy; oral immunotherapy; sublingual immunotherapy

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