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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Apr 25;10(16):13534-13541. doi: 10.1021/acsami.8b01516. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

On the Stability of NaO2 in Na-O2 Batteries.

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Ångström Advanced Battery Centre (ÅABC), Department of Chemistry-Ångström Laboratory , Uppsala University , Box 538, SE-75121 Uppsala , Sweden.


Na-O2 batteries are regarded as promising candidates for energy storage. They have higher energy efficiency, rate capability, and chemical reversibility than Li-O2 batteries; in addition, sodium is cheaper and more abundant compared to lithium. However, inconsistent observations and instability of discharge products have inhibited the understanding of the working mechanism of this technology. In this work, we have investigated a number of factors that influence the stability of the discharge products. By means of in operando powder X-ray diffraction study, the influence of oxygen, sodium anode, salt, solvent, and carbon cathode were investigated. The Na metal anode and an ether-based solvent are the main factors that lead to the instability and decomposition of NaO2 in the cell environment. This fundamental insight brings new information on the working mechanism of Na-O2 batteries.


NaO2; decomposition; in operando X-ray diffraction; metal−air battery; sodium superoxide


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