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J Health Psychol. 2018 Apr 1:1359105318766212. doi: 10.1177/1359105318766212. [Epub ahead of print]

Understanding the pros and cons of organ donation decision-making: Decisional balance and expressing donation intentions among African Americans.

Author information

1
1 Emory University, USA.
2
2 Emory Transplant Center, USA.
3
3 Emory University School of Medicine, USA.

Abstract

Increasing public commitment to organ donation is critical to improving donor kidney availability for end-stage renal disease patients desiring transplant. This study surveyed ( N = 1339) African Americans, measuring perceived pros relative to cons of organ donation, to evaluate an existing Transtheoretical Model decisional balance scale and associations between decisional balance and expressing donation intentions. Findings supported the existing scale structure. More positive decisional balance ratios were associated with 1.76 times the odds of expressing intentions (95% confidence interval = 1.52-2.04). Pros were more strongly linked to donation intentions than cons. Greater understanding of organ donation decision-making is valuable for informing interventions that encourage donation.

KEYWORDS:

African American; decisional balance; health behavior; kidney transplant; organ donation

PMID:
29616593
DOI:
10.1177/1359105318766212

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