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Clin Rheumatol. 2018 Aug;37(8):2187-2193. doi: 10.1007/s10067-018-4075-5. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

The association between the Mediterranean diet and magnetic resonance parameters for knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Author information

1
National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, Aging Branch, via Giustiniani, 2, Padova, Italy. ilmannato@gmail.com.
2
Ambulatory of Clinical Nutrition, National Institute of Gastroenterology-Research Hospital, Saverio de Bellis, Castellana Grotte, Italy. ilmannato@gmail.com.
3
Department of Radiology, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
4
National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, Aging Branch, via Giustiniani, 2, Padova, Italy.
5
Department of Radiology, Scientific Institute "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy.

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet appears to be beneficial for osteoarthritis (OA), but the few data available regarding the association between the diet and the condition are limited to X-ray and clinical findings. The current study aimed to investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and knee cartilage morphology, assessed using magnetic resonance (MRI) in a cohort of North American participants. Seven hundred eighty-three participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative (59.8% females; mean age 62.3 years) in possession of a MRI assessment (a coronal 3D FLASH with Water Excitation MR sequence of the right knee) were enrolled in our cross-sectional study. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED). The strength of the association between aMED and knee MRI parameters was gauged using an adjusted linear regression analysis, expressed as standardized betas with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Using an adjusted linear regression analysis, each increase of one standard deviation (SD) in the aMED corresponded to a significant increase in the central medial femoral cartilage volume (beta = 0.12; 95%CI 0.09 to 0.15), in the mean central medial femoral cartilage thickness (beta = 0.13; 95%CI 0.01 to 0.17), in the cartilage thickness of the mean central medial tibiofemoral compartment (beta = 0.12; 95%CI 0.09 to 0.15), and in the cartilage volume of the medial tibiofemoral compartment (beta = 0.09; 95%CI 0.06 to 0.12). Higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet was found to be associated with a significant improvement in knee cartilage as assessed by MRI, even after adjusting for potential confounding factors.

KEYWORDS:

Aged; Healthy aging; Knee osteoarthritis; Lifestyle; MRI; Mediterranean diet

PMID:
29611084
DOI:
10.1007/s10067-018-4075-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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