Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 May 1;186:201-206. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.12.047. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Prevalence of drug use among students in mainland China: A systematic review and meta-analysis for 2003-2013.

Author information

1
National Institute on Drug Dependence, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: urchinjj@163.com.
2
National Institute on Drug Dependence, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China; School of Public Health, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.
3
Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29631, United States.
4
School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Gui'an New Area, 550025, China.
5
Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In response to calls to reassess and reform international drug policy, we estimated the prevalence of drug use among students in China from 2004 to 2013 through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

METHODS:

We systemically identified and reviewed published studies on illicit drug use and abuse of sedative-hypnotics among students in China. We estimated the prevalence of drug use among students using a meta-regression model. The trends in drug use and any geographic differences were assessed using multilevel models, and the association between drug use and sedative-hypnotics abuse was also examined.

RESULTS:

The pooled prevalence of illicit drug use and sedative-hypnotics abuse in students was 2.10% (95% CI: 1.80-2.50) and 6.10% (95% CI: 5.10-7.20). A significant decrease in the prevalence of illicit drug use was observed in 2009-2013 (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.25-0.32). Students in higher grades showed a higher prevalence of both illicit drug use and sedative-hypnotics abuse than those in lower grades. Provincial differences in illicit drug use (OR = 2.66, 95% CI: 1.24-5.73) and sedative-hypnotics abuse (OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.05-1.79) were identified. The geographical area of illicit drug use was observed to be expanding.

CONCLUSION:

Prevalence of drug use among students is twice as high as in the general population of adults in China, indicating that drug use is becoming an urgent public health issue among the younger population. Further investigation among school students is needed.

KEYWORDS:

Drug use; Public health; Sedative-hypnotics abuse; Student

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center