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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2018 May 1;1084:158-165. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.03.038. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Determination of 18 veterinary antibiotics in environmental water using high-performance liquid chromatography-q-orbitrap combined with on-line solid-phase extraction.

Author information

1
Department of Water Environment Research, National Institute of Environmental Research, Hwangyeong-ro 42, Seo-gu, Incheon 22689, South Korea.
2
Department of Water Environment Research, National Institute of Environmental Research, Hwangyeong-ro 42, Seo-gu, Incheon 22689, South Korea. Electronic address: egchung@korea.kr.

Abstract

The use of antibiotics and their occurrence in the environment have received significant attention in recent years owing to the generation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic residues in water near livestock farming areas should be monitored to establish effective strategies for reducing the use of veterinary antibiotics. However, environmental water contamination resulting from veterinary antibiotics has not been studied extensively. In this work, we developed an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of multiple classes of veterinary antibiotic residues in environmental water using on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE)-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Eighteen popular antibiotics (eight classes) were selected as target analytes based on veterinary antibiotics sales in South Korea in 2015. The developed method was validated by calibration-curve linearities, precisions, relative recoveries, and method detection limits (MDLs)/limits of quantification (LOQs) of the selected antibiotics, and applied to the analysis of environmental water samples (groundwater, river water, and wastewater-treatment-plant effluent). All calibration curves exhibited r2 > 0.995 with MDLs ranging from 0.2 to 11.9 ng/L. Relative recoveries were between 50 and 150% with coefficients of variation below 20% for all analytes (spiked at 500 ng/L) in groundwater and river water samples. Relative standard deviations (RSDs) of standard-spiked samples were lower than 7% for all antibiotics. The on-line SPE system eliminates human-based SPE errors and affords excellent method reproducibility. Amoxicillin, ampicillin, clopidol, fenbendazole, flumequine, lincomycin, sulfadiazine, and trimethoprim were detected in environmental water samples in concentrations ranging from 1.26 to 127.49 ng/L. The developed method is a reliable analytical technique for the potential routine monitoring of veterinary antibiotics.

KEYWORDS:

Aqueous samples; HRMS; Multi-class method; On-line SPE; UHPLC; Veterinary antibiotics

PMID:
29604614
DOI:
10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.03.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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