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J Adolesc Health. 2018 Jun;62(6):667-673. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.12.012. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Health Care Coverage and Access Among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults, 2010-2016: Implications for Future Health Reforms.

Author information

1
State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC), University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address: donna.spencer@lewin.com.
2
The National Alliance to Advance Adolescent Health, Washington, DC.
3
State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC), University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We examine changes to health insurance coverage and access to health care among children, adolescents, and young adults since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

METHODS:

Using the National Health Interview Survey, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare coverage and access among children, young adolescents, older adolescents, and young adults between 2010 and 2016.

RESULTS:

We show significant improvements in coverage among children, adolescents, and young adults since 2010. We also find some gains in access during this time, particularly reductions in delayed care due to cost. While we observe few age-group differences in overall trends in coverage and access, our analysis reveals an age-gradient pattern, with incrementally worse coverage and access rates for young adolescents, older adolescents, and young adults.

CONCLUSIONS:

Prior analyses often group adolescents with younger children, masking important distinctions. Future reforms should consider the increased coverage and access risks of adolescents and young adults, recognizing that approximately 40% are low income, over a third live in the South, where many states have not expanded Medicaid, and over 15% have compromised health.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Child; Health insurance; Health services accessibility; Young adult

PMID:
29599046
PMCID:
PMC5964030
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.12.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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