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J Neural Transm. 1987;70(1-2):63-70.

Effect of insulin excess and deficiency on norepinephrine turnover in rats.

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University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Medicine, New York.


To examine whether insulin enhances norepinephrine (NE) turnover, an index of sympathetic nerve activity, the effects of excess insulin and streptozotocin (STZ) induced insulin deficiency were examined in Sprague-Dawley rats. Exogenous insulin caused hyperphagia and elevated (approximately 300%) urinary epinephrine excretion, but did not alter cardiac NE content or turnover. STZ-induced insulin deficiency caused hyperglycemia and hyperphagia, but also did not alter cardiac NE content or turnover. Insulin deficiency reduced hepatic NE content 18%, but did not affect NE turnover or content of kidney or spleen. These data do not support the hypothesis that insulin influences cardiac sympathetic nerve activity in rats.

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