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Nutrients. 2018 Mar 29;10(4). pii: E422. doi: 10.3390/nu10040422.

Use of Iodine-Containing Dietary Supplements Remains Low among Women of Reproductive Age in the United States: NHANES 2011-2014.

Author information

1
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. pmgupta@cdc.gov.
2
National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. jaime.gahche@nih.gov.
3
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA. kherrick1@cdc.gov.
4
National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. ershowa@od.nih.gov.
5
National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. potischn@mail.nih.gov.
6
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. cperrine@cdc.gov.

Abstract

In the United States, the American Thyroid Association recommends that women take a dietary supplement containing 150 &micro;g of iodine 3 months prior to conception and while pregnant and lactating to support fetal growth and neurological development. We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011&ndash;2014 to describe the use of dietary supplements with and without iodine in the past 30 days among 2155 non-pregnant, non-lactating (NPNL) women; 122 pregnant women; and 61 lactating women. Among NPNL women, 45.3% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 42.0, 48.6) used any dietary supplement and 14.8% (95% CI: 12.7, 16.8) used a dietary supplement with iodine in the past 30 days. Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women were less likely to use any dietary supplement as well as one with iodine, than non-Hispanic white or non-Hispanic Asian women (p < 0.05). Among pregnant women, 72.2% (95% CI: 65.8, 78.6) used any dietary supplement; however, only 17.8% (95% CI: 11.4, 24.3) used a dietary supplement with iodine. Among lactating women, 75.0% (95% CI: 63.0, 87.0) used a dietary supplement; however, only 19.0% (95% CI: 8.8, 29.2) used a dietary supplement with iodine. Among NPNL women using a supplement with iodine, median daily iodine intake was 75.0 &micro;g. Self-reported data suggests that the use of iodine containing dietary supplements among pregnant and lactating women remains low in contrast with current recommendations.

KEYWORDS:

iodine; lactating; pregnant; supplements; women of reproductive age

PMID:
29596306
PMCID:
PMC5946207
DOI:
10.3390/nu10040422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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