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Immunology. 1987 Nov;62(3):425-9.

Immune responses in newly developed short-lived SAM mice. Selectively impaired T-helper cell activity in in vitro antibody response.

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Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan.


New short-lived strains of mice (SAM-P), which have been developed by Takeda et al. (1981), shows a defective antibody response to T dependent (TD) antigen in vitro, as demonstrated in the accompanying paper (see page 419). In the present study, we investigated the cellular site of the defect, using a cell culture system. In this paper, it is demonstrated that T-helper (Th) cell activity for the antibody response to TD antigen is impaired, while other cellular immune responses, e.g. mixed leucocyte reaction, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response, and delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, are normal. These results suggest that the defect in T-helper subset is limited in helper function for the antibody response, and that the helper function for the cell-mediated immune responses is intact. These two functions of the T-helper subset are apparently regulated in a different manner. The SAM-P strains of mice may thus serve as an appropriate model for studying functional heterogeneity in T-helper/inducer cell subsets.

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