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Mikrochim Acta. 2018 Feb 14;185(3):179. doi: 10.1007/s00604-017-2639-8.

A star-shaped polythiophene dendrimer coating for solid-phase microextraction of triazole agrochemicals.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maragheh, PO Box: 5518183111, Maragheh, Iran. mehdiabolghasemi@gmail.com.
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maragheh, PO Box: 5518183111, Maragheh, Iran.
3
Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, PO Box: 5165665811, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

A nanostructured star-shaped polythiophene dendrimer was prepared and used as a fiber coating for headspace solid phase microextraction of selected triazolic pesticides (tebuconazole, hexaconazole, penconazole, diniconazole, difenoconazole, triticonazole) from water samples. The dendrimer with its large surface area was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, UV-Vis spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy. It was placed on a stainless steel wire for use in SPME. The experimental conditions for fiber coating, extraction, stirring rate, ionic strength, pH value, desorption temperature and time were optimized. Following thermal desorption, the pesticides were quantified by GC-MS. Under optimum conditions, the repeatability (RSD) for one fiber (for n = 3) ranges from 4.3 to 5.6%. The detection limits are between 8 and 12 pg mL-1. The method is fast, inexpensive (in terms of equipment), and the fiber has high thermal stability. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of a nanostructured star-shaped polythiophene dendrimer for use in headspace solid phase microextraction of the triazolic pesticides (tebuconazole, hexaconazole, penconazole, diniconazole, difenoconazole, triticonazole). They were then quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

KEYWORDS:

Conductive polymer; Dendrimer; Fungicide; Gas chromatography; Solid phase-microextraction; Triazol

PMID:
29594604
DOI:
10.1007/s00604-017-2639-8

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