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Unfallchirurg. 2018 Jul;121(7):544-549. doi: 10.1007/s00113-018-0485-8.

[Vascular surgical training concept for military surgeons in Germany].

[Article in German]

Author information

Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie, Zentrum für Gefäßmedizin der Bundeswehr, Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm, Oberer Eselsberg 40, 89081, Ulm, Deutschland.
Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie, Ammerland Klinik, Westerstede, Deutschland.
Klinik für Unfallchirurgie und Orthopädie, Rekonstruktive und Septische Chirurgie, Sporttraumatologie, Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm, Ulm, Deutschland.
Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie, Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Deutschland.
Abteilung Unfallchirurgie und Orthopädie, Septisch-Rekonstruktive Chirurgie, Forschung- und Behandlungszentrum Rekonstruktion von Defektwunden, Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland.



Due to the increasing threat of terrorist attacks and assassinations even in Europe, the interest in management of severe vascular injuries, which, with an increased incidence of 10% are to be expected with such penetrating wounds, is also growing; however, with increasing subspecialization in surgery there is a threat that the know-how in vascular surgery will become lost among non-vascular surgical specialists. Therefore, the Germany military established an educational program, the so-called DUOplus concept, to ensure that future military surgeons acquire and retain the experience and skills to fulfill the demanding role of a deployed surgeon.


The DUOplus concept of the German Medical Forces is introduced with a special focus on vascular surgery training.


All trainee German military surgeons attain a second specialization alongside general surgery. This residency includes several courses in various surgical specialties as well as a 12-month rotation in a vascular surgery department. The core elements of vascular trauma training are two practical courses on life-like models. In these courses, which were developed especially for the needs of non-vascular surgeons in hands-on training, open surgical techniques and damage control measures including resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) are taught on suitable models and intensively practiced.


All surgeons potentially confronted with traumatic and iatrogenic vascular injuries should have some basic competence in the management of vascular trauma. Especially the courses in vascular surgery for non-vascular surgeons offer such a skill set for every surgeon. Next to the German military surgeons, the courses are attended more and more by civilian and military surgeons from different surgical specialties and nationalities.


Armed conflicts; Exsanguination; Mass casualty incidents; Terrorist attacks; Vascular trauma


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