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Kidney Dis (Basel). 2018 Feb;4(1):29-36. doi: 10.1159/000485622. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

TREM-1 Contributes to Inflammation in IgA Nephropathy.

Zhao YF1,2,3,4, Zhu L1,2,3,4, Liu LJ1,2,3,4, Shi SF1,2,3,4, Lv JC1,2,3,4, Zhang H1,2,3,4.

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Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.
Peking University Institute of Nephrology, Beijing, China.
Key Laboratory of Renal Disease, Ministry of Health of China, Beijing, China.
Key Laboratory of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention and Treatment (Peking University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.



Circulating IgA1-containing immune complexes (cIgA1) were shown to play important roles in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). They could induce the release of multiple inflammatory factors, including MCP-1 and IL-6, and elevated urinary inflammatory factors were also reported in patients with IgAN, which suggested that inflammation is a major contributor to kidney injury in IgAN. After the previous identification of the upregulated release of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) by mesangial cells under cIgA1 challenge using cytokine array, in the present study, we further explored the role of TREM-1, an amplifier of inflammation, in cIgA1-induced kidney injury.


In total, 35 patients with IgAN and 17 healthy controls were enrolled. The cIgA1 was isolated from plasma and used to treat cultured mesangial cells. The mRNA expression of TREM-1 as well as levels of sTREM-1, MCP-1, and IL-6 in the mesangial cell supernatant and urine samples were detected.


We found that cIgA1 from patients with IgAN could significantly upregulate the expression of TREM-1 in mesangial cells compared to healthy controls. The levels of ΔsTREM-1 were positively correlated with MCP-1 levels in the mesangial supernatant. Similarly, higher urinary levels of sTREM-1 were also observed in patients with IgAN compared to healthy controls. Moreover, IgAN patients with detectable urinary sTREM-1 presented with severe clinical and pathological manifestations, including higher IgA and lower eGFR levels, compared to patients whose urinary sTREM-1 levels were below the limit of quantification.


Our present study suggested that TREM-1 in cIgA1 induced inflammatory kidney injury in IgAN.


Circulating IgA1-containing immune complexes; IgA nephropathy; TREM-1

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