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Cell Tissue Res. 1987 Sep;249(3):701-5.

Atrial granules in the dog heart after cardiac denervation.

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Abteilung für Experimentelle Anästhesie, Klinikum Charlottenburg, Freie Universität Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany.


Because the increase in sodium excretion during left atrial distension in conscious dogs is abolished after chronic cardiac denervation, we have investigated whether this is a result of the disappearance of specific atrial granules. Electron microscopy and light-microscopical and ultrastructural immunohistochemistry of canine atria show that atrial granules displaying immunoreactivity for cardiac hormones of the cardiodilatin/atrial natriuretic polypeptide (CDD/ANP) family are still present in denervated left and right atria, although reduced in quantity. It is concluded that the "atrial-induced natriuresis" is not only related to the existence of specific atrial granules. The functional link between atrial-induced natriuresis provoked by atrial distension and the release of atrial polypeptide hormones remains uncertain because the denervated heart can secrete CDD although the diuretic-natriuretic effect is altered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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