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J Virol. 2018 May 29;92(12). pii: e00353-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00353-18. Print 2018 Jun 15.

Dynein Engages and Disassembles Cytosol-Localized Simian Virus 40 To Promote Infection.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA madhusudhan12@gmail.com btsai@umich.edu.
2
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

During entry, polyomavirus (PyV) is endocytosed and sorts to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where it penetrates the ER membrane to reach the cytosol. From the cytosol, the virus moves to the nucleus to cause infection. How PyV is transported from the cytosol into the nucleus, a crucial infection step, is unclear. We found that upon reaching the cytosol, the archetypal PyV simian virus 40 (SV40) recruits the cytoplasmic dynein motor, which disassembles the viral particle. This reaction enables the resulting disassembled virus to enter the nucleus to promote infection. Our findings reveal how a cytosolic motor can be hijacked to impart conformational changes to a viral particle, a process essential for successful infection.IMPORTANCE How a nonenveloped virus successfully traffics from the cell surface to the nucleus to cause infection remains enigmatic in many instances. In the case of the nonenveloped PyV, the viral particle is sorted from the plasma membrane to the ER and then the cytosol, from which it enters the nucleus to promote infection. The molecular mechanism by which PyV reaches the nucleus from the cytosol is not entirely clear. Here we demonstrate that the prototype PyV SV40 recruits dynein upon reaching the cytosol. Importantly, this cellular motor disassembles the viral particle during cytosol-to-nucleus transport to cause infection.

KEYWORDS:

disassembly; dynein; motor proteins; polyomavirus; virus-host interaction

PMID:
29593037
PMCID:
PMC5974495
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.00353-18
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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