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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Oct;10(4):800-8.

Preload dependence of Doppler-derived indexes of left ventricular diastolic function in humans.

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1
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114.

Abstract

To determine the effect of filling pressure on the pattern of left ventricular filling in humans, the mitral flow velocity profile was measured by pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography during right and left heart catheterization in 11 patients before and during nitroglycerin infusion. Nitroglycerin reduced mean arterial pressure from 90 +/- 9 to 80 +/- 11 mm Hg (p less than 0.001) and mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure from 9 +/- 4 to 4 +/- 2 mm Hg (p less than 0.001). Cardiac output fell from 6.6 +/- 1.5 to 5.5 +/- 1.4 liters/min (p less than 0.001) and heart rate increased from 60 +/- 13 to 65 +/- 14 beats/min (p less than 0.002). The time constant of isovolumic relaxation (TI.) decreased from 51 +/- 9 to 46 +/- 8 ms (p less than 0.01), indicating faster left ventricular relaxation. Nitroglycerin altered the Doppler characteristics of the early filling (E) wave but not those of the atrial contraction (A) wave. Peak velocity of the E wave decreased from 56 +/- 14 to 44 +/- 9 cm/s (p less than 0.001), peak velocity of the A wave did not change and the ratio of peak velocities of the E and A waves decreased from 0.97 +/- 0.33 to 0.77 +/- 0.20 (p less than 0.02). The deceleration of the E wave decreased from 289 +/- 138 to 186 +/- 71 cm/s2 (p less than 0.02). The ratio of velocity-time integral of the A wave to total velocity-time integral (that is, contribution of atrial contraction to total filling) increased from 0.31 +/- 0.09 to 0.36 +/- 0.08 (p less than 0.03).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2958532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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