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J Cell Physiol. 1987 Sep;132(3):501-8.

Role of plasminogen, plasmin, and plasminogen activators in the migration of fibroblasts into plasma clots.

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Department of Biochemistry, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, England.


Human diploid fibroblasts were seeded onto or into plasma clots and different aspects of cell adhesion and migration were measured. The roles of plasminogen activators and plasmin were studied by either the removal of plasminogen from plasma prior to clotting or by the addition of 10 mM epsilon-aminocaproic acid, which brings about an inhibition of plasmin in this system. When cells were seeded onto the surface of plasma clots, rates of attachment, spreading, and migration were unaffected by plasminogen depletion or plasmin inhibition. In contrast, when cells were seeded into plasma clots, then, although the rates of cells spreading were unaffected, cell migration was abolished by plasminogen depletion or by plasmin inhibition. When cells were seeded onto the surface of plasma clots and the rate of migration into the clots was measured, there was an absolute requirement for plasmin activity; while fibroblasts migrated rapidly into the fibrin lattice of control clots, in the case of plasminogen-depleted clots, cells failed to penetrate the lattice. Focussing through a plasma clot revealed that fibroblasts do not migrate through the fibrin lattice but instead, localized areas of fibrinolysis are generated and cells migrate over the surface of the area of lysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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