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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2018 Dec;24(12):1333-1337. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2018.03.025. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Evaluation of the Roche LightMix Gastro parasites multiplex PCR assay detecting Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica, cryptosporidia, Dientamoeba fragilis, and Blastocystis hominis.

Author information

1
MVZ Labor 28, Berlin, Germany.
2
Bernhard-Nocht-Institute, Hamburg, Germany.
3
MVZ Labor 28, Berlin, Germany; Institute of Microbiology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: ignatius@labor28.de.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Multiplex PCR assays offer highly sensitive and specific tools for the detection of enteric pathogens. This prospective study aimed at comparing the novel Roche LightMix Modular Assay Gastro Parasites (LMAGP) detecting Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica, Cryptosporidium spp., Blastocystis hominis, and Dientamoeba fragilis with routine laboratory procedures.

METHODS:

Stool specimens (n = 1062 from 1009 patients) were consecutively examined by LMAGP, R-Biopharm Ridascreen enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) detecting G. duodenalis or E. histolytica/dispar, and microscopy of wet mounts. Discrepant results were analysed by in-house PCR.

RESULTS:

D. fragilis or B. hominis were detected by LMAGP in 131 (14.4%) and 179 (19.9%; 16 samples positive by microscopy; p < 0.0001) of 909 samples, respectively. Of 918 samples analysed for Cryptosporidium spp., six were positive by LMAGP (three could be confirmed by Kinyoun staining and one by in-house PCR). G. duodenalis was detected by LMAGP, EIA, or microscopy in 20, 16, or 9 of 1039 stool samples, respectively; all four samples missed by EIA were confirmed by in-house PCR. In total, 938 stool samples were analysed for E. histolytica/dispar. Nine of ten EIA-positive samples were negative by LMAGP but positive by in-house PCR for E. dispar. One E. histolytica infection (positive by both LMAGP and in-house PCR) was missed by EIA and microscopy. Parasites only detected by microscopy included Enterobius vermicularis eggs (n = 3) and apathogenic amoebae (n = 27).

CONCLUSIONS:

The data call for routine use of multiplex PCR assays for the detection of enteric protozoan parasites in laboratory diagnostics.

KEYWORDS:

Blastocystis hominis; Cryptosporidia; Dientamoeba fragilis; Entamoeba histolytica; Giardia duodenalis; Multiplex PCR

PMID:
29581055
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmi.2018.03.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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